Jaipur, the capital of the entrancing state of Rajasthan is around 258 km from Delhi and 232 km from Agra. The great warrior king Sawai Jai Singh II (1693-1743) laid the foundation of the city in 1727. He was one of the few kings of his time who had a scientific temper and was concerned about the welfare of his citizens. The city was well planned and had one of the best drinking water systems in the medieval world.
Jaipur is known as the Pink city because of the pink colour with which all the buildings of the city were painted, to look like red sandstone buildings from Mughal times, during the visit of the then Prince of Wales in 1876, when India was a British colony.
Jaipur is known for its grand forts and monuments as well as its markets where fine handicraft items, jewellery and textiles produced by skilled traditional craftsmen are on offer.
The City Palace at Jaipur, also known as the Sawai Jai Singh Chandra Palace or Moon Palace, continues to be the home of the royal family of Jaipur, however part of it has been converted into a museum that is open to the public. At the City Palace you can see two giant silver vases, used to carry water from the holy Ganges, from India to London, when the Raja Sawaii Man Singh II traveled to England.
The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, is one of five built across India by Raja Sawaii Man Singh II and consists of fascinating geometric structures which are astronomical instruments which are used to observe the constellations and measure the movement of the planets through the sky.
The Hawa Mahal, or Palace of Winds, a landmark monument that characterizes Jaipur, is a tall structure with an elaborate fašade, with decorated windows. In earlier times, the women of the royal family could observe what was happening in the streets below, from these screened windows, without being seen themselves.
Amer Fort, a grand monument, Jaigarh fort, where the largest cannon on wheels can be seen and Naharagarh fort which offers stunning views of the city are must visits on your tour of Jaipur.
Jaipur is also known for traditional Rajasthani music and dance forms. The Gangaur and Teej festivals are colourfully celebrated in this city.
A visit to Jaipur is a trip back to a gracious royal era. Experience the majesty of impressive forts and palaces, marvel at the craftsmanship of the skilled hereditary artisans of Rajasthan and enjoy the music, cuisine and colour of this vibrant city on an Architectural Tour of the Pink City of Jaipur.