The state of Jammu and Kashmir with lofty snow clad mountain ranges, beautiful people, breathtaking landscape is rightly named as the 'Paradise on the Earth'.
Located in the extreme northern region of the country, the state is divided into three different regions -
Jammu, the state's winter capital.
Kashmir valley, enclosed by Pir Panjal and main Himalayan range.
Ladakh, the northern most cold desert region with barren mountains.
On the highway from Jammu to Kashmir is the longest tunnel in Asia, the 'Jawahar Tunnel', named after India' first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.
Places to visit
Holds pride in being the sole producer of saffron in Southern Asia. It is also known for its
unique handicrafts - papier-mâché, wood work, silver jewellery, fine Pashmina and
Shahtush shawls, carpet weaving and silverware. The most popular places in this valley are:
Gulmarg(meadow of flowers) - has the highest golf course in the world (2890m high).
Wular Lake - is the largest fresh water lake in Asia.
Jama Masjid - is the biggest mosque in the valley
Shankracharya Temple - occupies the top of the hill called Takht-e-Suleiman.
Srinagar - the summer capital
Is located in the heart of the Kashmir valley at an altitude of 1730m. The river Jhelum, flanked by Dal lake and intersected by canals lends the city a majestic charm. Hence the city has been called the 'Venice of the East'. The well known sites in the city are : -
The famous Dal Lake is known for light rowing boat called 'Shikaras'. This lake is 6.4 km
long and 4 km wide. The famous Nishat Bagh (Garden of Gladness) is situated here.
Mughal Gardens with sprawling fountains, colourful flowers are a feast to the eyes.
Sonmarg - at an altitude of 2740m, 80km northeast of Srinagar, this spectacular place
strewn with alpine flowers is known as 'Meadow of Gold'.
Pahalgam - 98 kms from Srinagar serves as the starting point for the famous 'Amarnath
The Verinag Spring, the chief source of river Jhelum, is the one of the largest springs in the
Anatnag - about 64 kms from Srinagar is an exotic town full of springs and streams with
Nestled in the foothills of Himalayas, situated on the banks of river Tawi, this city has come to be known as 'City of Temples'. 50 Kms from Jammu in the foot of Trikuta mountains lies Katra town, which serves as the base camp for the famous 'Shri Vaishno Devi' shrine. 'Raghunath temple' is one of the biggest temple complexes of northern India.
Ladakh - the Moonland - the roof of the world
In the northeastern part of J&K, this cold desert at a height of 9500 feet is one of the remotest regions of India. The second coldest inhabited place on earth, Dras, is located in western Ladakh. To its northeast lies the disputed Aksai Chin area adjoining China and Tibet. To the northwest is Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and the highest active battlefield of the world - Siachen Glacier.
The Khardung-la, is the highest motorable road in the country (5500m). Leh, the capital of Ladakh, located at a height of 3500m in the Karakoramis reached in two days by bus from Srinagar via Srinagar-Leh road.