Punjab, a vibrant state in North West India, is home to the Sikh people who are known for their zest for life, martial ethos, dynamism in agriculture, trade and industry, wholesome cuisine, rhythmic music, and adherence to the principles of Sikhism founded by Guru Nanak.
Punjab has a long history. It is the land of five rivers, on the banks of which sites that date back to the Indus Valley civilization have been found. Punjab has faced the wrath of invaders for centuries, from the invasion of Alexander the Great in 326 B.C. to the Muslim invasions in the medieval period. In the 19th century Punjab was unified under Ranjit Singh and later came under British rule. During India's independence Punjab was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian state of Punjab is the richest and most industrialized of Indian states. Known for its record agricultural production, Punjab is considered the breadbasket of India.
Places of Interest
The city of Chandigarh has a unique status among cities in India. It is the capital of two different states - Punjab and Haryana, however it does not belong to either of them. Designed by the Swiss-born architect Charles Edward Jenneret, also known as Le Corbusier, the characteristic architectural style of this city has come to be known as the "Chandigarh Architecture" style and consists of buildings built in unfinished concrete, with brise soleil - a louvered screen to provide shade to the inner rooms of buildings and exposed brick construction. The city is built on a grid pattern with wide roads and Terrace Housing - similar houses constructed in linear rows. The Rock Garden designed by Nek Chand in Chandigarh is a renowned park. Rock Garden has mazes, sunken paths, and partially enclosed spaces which have human and animal figures built out of broken ceramic and glass pieces embedded in concrete. It is a unique site that has to be seen to be believed. "For more information on Chandigarh please fill the Form below"
The Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion and a place of pilgrimage for Sikhs worldwide is situated in Amritsar. The Sikh Guru, Guru Amar Das began the construction of the Golden Temple and in his lifetime the holy city of Amritsar developed into an important town. The next Guru, Guru Ram Das, began the construction of the holy lake that surrounds the temple. Guru Arjan Dev conceived the sanctum sanctorum or Harmandir Sahib, which stands today as a hallowed symbol of the Sikh faith. The holy book of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib was given pride of place in the Harmandir Saheb in 1604. "For more information on Amritsar please fill the Form below"
Wagah Border Crossing:
Crowds gather every evening to watch the lowering of the flags ceremony at the Wagan Border crossing and to cheer the troops who carry out the daily ceremony. This ritual is accompanied by crisp marching by Indian and Pakistani border guards, accompanied by bugle calls and the closing of the gates.
Known as the Manchester of India, Ludhiana is famous for its spinning mills and exports finished garments worldwide. Ludhiana is also known for its agricultural university an important center of the Green Revolution and its factories where motorcycles and machine tools are manufactured.
The village of Kila Raipur, near Ludhiana, is known for its rural Olympics. Various sports and feats of strength are performed at the annual rural games held at this village.
Jalandhar is famous for being a center of sports, particularly hockey, in India and is a leading center for the production of sports goods in the world.